European/Non-European Arrest Warrants

The Extradition Act does not require a country that is part of the European Union to provide any evidence whatsoever of the alleged offence, whereas Countries outside of the European Arrest Warrant system must provide details of the case against them and often are required to show there is actually enough evidence to show that, on the face of it, an offence was committed (a prima facie case). All Extradition cases in England and Wales are first decided at Westminster Magistrates Court, based in London.

An arrest warrant is a document authorising the police to arrest a person. The warrant must specify who the person requested is, particulars of the offence they are wanted for and details of any sentence imposed, if the person was convicted.